Jelonet consists of a leno-weave fabric, of cotton or cotton and viscose. It is impregnated with white soft paraffin (yellow soft paraffin in the case of the bulk preparations).
Jelonet dressing is used as a primary wound contact layer and the paraffin is present to reduce the adherence of the product to the surface of a granulating wound.
Two formulations of Paraffin Gauze Dressing are described in the British Pharmacopoeia. These differ in the weight of paraffin present on the gauze. Jelonet, which is an example of the ‘normal loading’ product, contains not less than 175 grams of paraffin per square metre of cloth.
Jelonet can be used as a primary wound contact layer in the treatment of burns, ulcers, skin grafts (both donor and receptor sites), and a number of traumatic injuries. It can also be used as a transfer medium for skin during grafting.
If Jelonet dressing is placed upon a heavily exuding wound, its semi-occlusive nature may cause tissue maceration by preventing the free movement of exudate away from the surface of the wound. This is less likely to occur if a dressing bearing the lower loading of paraffin base is used.